Chartered Accountant Final Examination

CA Final - Syllabus

Chartered Accountant Final Examination

Pen & Paper Mode

CA Syllabus 2022: Check out the new and revised Syllabus here

Updated On - January 22 2022 by Divyansh K

CA Syllabus 2022: On its exam website, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) publishes the Syllabus for CA Final 2022. Candidates who pass the CA intermediate test will be able to take the CA final exam in both groups. Read the article below to learn more about the CA Final 2022 Syllabus in detail. The CA Final Exam occurs twice a year.

CA Syllabus 2022

On its official website, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) publishes the syllabus for CA final 2022. The CA final syllabus pdf, which may be found on the Board of Studies' knowledge portal, is valid for the May 2022 session and beyond. This will be updated whenever the institute announces any new revisions. CA The final exam is held twice a year.

Questions for the CA Final 2022 test were based on the new CA Final 2022 syllabus. Elective papers have been added to the CA Final revised curriculum and study material by the ICAI. The CA Final Syllabus 2022 contains information on the themes and subtopics that applicants must study in order to pass the exam in December 2022. More information on the CA final syllabus 2022 can be found in the article below.

CA Final New Syllabus 2022

The CA final syllabus 2022 includes exam topics and subtopics. CA final papers for 2022 are based on eight major CA final subjects. The CA final exam's eight papers are divided into two parts. Topics for elective papers are also included in the new CA Final Syllabus 2022 framework.

CA Final 2022 syllabus (New scheme)

Paper 1- Financial Accounting (100 Marks)

1. Framework for Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements in accordance

with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS).

 

2. Application of Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) with reference to General

Purpose Financial Statements

 

(i) Ind AS on the First-time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards

(ii) Ind AS on Presentation of Items in the Financial Statements

(iii) Ind AS on Measurement-based on Accounting Policies

(iv) Ind AS on Income Statement

(v) Ind AS on Assets and Liabilities of the Financial Statements including Industry

specific Ind AS

(vi) Ind AS on Items impacting the Financial Statements

(vii) Ind AS on Disclosures in the Financial Statements

(viii) Other Ind AS

3. Indian Accounting Standards on Group Accounting

(i) Business Combinations and Accounting for Corporate Restructuring (including

demerger) (as per Ind AS)

(ii) Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements (as per Ind AS)

4. Accounting and Reporting of Financial Instruments (as per Ind AS)

 

5. Analysis of Financial Statements

 

6. Integrated Reporting

 

7. Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting

 

Paper 2- Strategic Financial Management (100 Marks)

1. Financial Policy and Corporate Strategy

 

(i) Strategic decision-making framework

(ii) Interface of Financial Policy and strategic management

(iii) Balancing financial goals vis-à-vis sustainable growth.

2. Risk Management

 

(i) Identification of types of Risk faced by an organisation

(ii) Evaluation of Financial Risks

(iii) Value at Risk (VAR)

(iv) Evaluation of an appropriate method for the identification and management of

financial risk.

3. Security Analysis

 

(i) Fundamental Analysis

(ii) Technical Analysis

  • Meaning

  • Assumptions

  • Theories and Principles

  • Charting Techniques

  • Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) Analysis

4. Security Valuation

(i) Theory of Valuation

(ii) Return Concepts

(iii) Equity Risk Premium

(iv) Required Return on Equity

(v) Discount Rate Selection in Relation to Cash Flows

(vi) Approaches to Valuation of Equity Shares

(vii) Valuation of Preference Shares

(viii) Valuation of Debentures/ Bonds

5. Portfolio Management

(i) Portfolio Analysis

(ii) Portfolio Selection

(iii) Capital Market Theory

(iv) Portfolio Revision

(v) Portfolio Evaluation

(vi) Asset Allocation

(vii) Fixed Income Portfolio

(viii) Risk Analysis of Investment in Distressed Securities

(ix) Alternative Investment Strategies in the context of Portfolio Management

6. Securitization

(i) Introduction

(ii) Concept and Definition

(iii) Benefits of Securitization

(iv) Participants in Securitization

(v) Mechanism of Securitization

(vi) Problems in Securitization

(vii) Securitization Instruments

(viii) Pricing of Securitization Instruments

(ix) Securitization in India

7. Mutual Fund

(i) Meaning

(ii) Evolution

(iii) Types

(iv) Advantages and Disadvantages of Mutual Funds

8. Derivatives Analysis and Valuation

(i) Forward/ Future Contract

(ii) Options

(iii) Swaps

(iv) Commodity Derivatives

9. Foreign Exchange Exposure and Risk Management

(i) Exchange rate determination

(ii) Foreign currency market

(iii) Management of transaction, translation and economic exposures

(iv) Hedging currency risk

(v) Foreign exchange derivatives – Forward, futures, options and swaps

10. International Financial Management

(i) International Capital Budgeting

(ii) International Working Capital Management

  • Multinational Cash Management

- Objectives of Effective Cash Management

- Optimization of Cash Flows/ Needs

- Investment of Surplus Cash

  • Multinational Receivable Management

  • Multinational Inventory Management

11. Interest Rate Risk Management

(i) Interest Rate Risk

(ii) Hedging Interest Rate Risk

  • Traditional Methods

  • Modern Methods including Interest Rate Derivatives

12. Corporate Valuation

(i) Conceptual Framework of Valuation

(ii) Approaches/ Methods of Valuation

  • Assets Based Valuation Model

  • Earning Based Models

  • Cash Flow Based Models

  • Measuring Cost of Equity

- Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)

- Arbitrage Pricing Theory

- Estimating Beta of an unlisted company

  • Relative Valuation

- Steps involved in Relative Valuation

- Equity Valuation Multiples

- Enterprise Valuation Multiple

  • Other Approaches to Value Measurement

- Economic Value Added (EVA)

- Market Value Added (MVA)

- Shareholder Value Analysis (SVA)

  • Arriving at Fair Value

13. Mergers, Acquisitions and Corporate Restructuring

(i) Conceptual Framework

(ii) Rationale

(iii) Forms

(iv) Mergers and Acquisitions

  • Financial Framework

  • Takeover Defensive Tactics

  • Reverse Merger

(v) Divestitures

  • Partial Sell off

  • Demerger

  • Equity Carve-outs

(vi) Ownership Restructuring

  • Going Private

  • Management/ Leveraged Buyouts

(vii) Cross Border Mergers

14. Startup Finance

(i) Introduction including Pitch Presentation

(ii) Sources of Funding

(iii) Startup India Initiative

Paper 3- Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics (100 marks)

1. Auditing Standards, Statements and Guidance Notes

  • Engagement & Quality Control

Standards

  • Statements and Guidance Notes on Auditing issued by the ICAI; Elements of system of quality control

  • leadership responsibilities for quality within the firm

  • Acceptance and Continuance of clients relationships and specific engagements

  • Engagement Performances, etc. (SQC 1 Quality Control for Firms that Perform Audits and Reviews of Historical Financial Information and Other Assurance and Related Services Engagements)

2. Audit Planning, Strategy and Execution

  • Planning the flow of audit work

  • Audit strategy, audit plan, audit programme and importance of supervision

  • principal’s ultimate responsibility

  • extent of delegation

  • control over the quality of audit work

  • Analytical Procedures prior to audit as well as towards finalization

  • Concept of Principal Auditor and Other Auditor

  • Acceptance as Principal Auditor

  • Procedures to be performed by Principal Auditor

  • Coordination between the Principal Auditor and Other Auditor (SA 600 Using the Work of Another Auditor)

  • Concept of Internal Audit Functions and its evaluation

  • Using the work of the internal audit function

  • Using internal auditors to provide direct assistance (SA 610 Using the Work of Internal Auditors)

  • Auditor's Expert – Meaning, Need for an Auditor’s Expert, Understanding the Auditor’s Expert, Agreement with the Auditor’s Expert, Adequacy of the Auditor’s Expert’s Work (SA 620 Using the Work of an Auditor’s Expert)

3. Risk Assessment and Internal Control

  • Evaluation of internal control procedures

  • Components of internal controls

  • Internal control and risk assessment

  • Risk-based audit, audit risk analysis, general steps

  • Internal audit; Reporting on internal control weaknesses (SA 265 Communicating Deficiencies in Internal Control to Those Charged With Governance and Management)

  • Framework on Reporting of Internal Controls.

4. Special aspects of Auditing in an Automated Environment

  • Key features of the automated environment, related risks and controls

  • Standards

  • Guidelines and procedures

  • using relevant frameworks and best practices

  • understanding and documenting the automated environment

  • Enterprise Risk management overview

  • assessing IT-related risks and controls

  • evaluating risks and controls at the entity level and process level

  • Considerations of an automated environment at each phase of the audit cycle

  • Using relevant analytical procedures and tests using data analytics

  • key concepts of auditing in real-time automated environments such as E-Commerce, ERP, Core Banking, etc

5. Audit of Limited Companies

  • Application of Relevant Provisions under the Companies Act, 2013 relating to Audit and Auditors and Rules made thereunder

  • Powers/rights, duties of auditors

  • Branch Audit

  • significance of true and fair view

  • Dividends and divisible profits- financial, legal, and policy considerations

  • Depreciation

  • Special features of audit of Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs)- Eligibility for audit, the appointment of auditor, remuneration, etc.

  • Audit report under the Companies Act, 2013; Reporting under CARO.

6. Audit Reports

  • Basic elements of auditor’s report

  • Types of opinion

  • Notes on accounts

  • Distinction between notes and qualifications

  • Distinction between audit reports and certificates

  • Communication to Management and those charged with Governance

  • Self Review threats

  • Drafting of different types of Audit Reports.

7. Audit Committee and Corporate Governance

  • Audit committee

  • Role of auditor in the Audit Committee and Certification of Compliance of Corporate Governance

  • Compliances with Laws and Regulations (SA 250 Consideration of Laws and Regulations in an Audit of Financial Statements)

  • Disclosure requirements including those of SEBI

  • Regulatory requirements of Corporate Governance, Report on Corporate Governance

8. Audit of Consolidated Financial Statements

  • Provisions under the Companies Act, 2013 in respect of Accounts of Companies and Rules made thereunder

  • Audit of Consolidated Financial Statements- the responsibility of parent company

  • auditor of the consolidated financial statements

  • audit considerations- permanent consolidation

  • Current period consolidation

  • reporting

9. Special features of audit of Banks, Insurance & Non-Banking Financial Companies

 

10. Audit under Fiscal Laws

  • Audit under Fiscal Laws, viz, Direct and Indirect Tax Laws including documentation for Form 3CD etc.

11. Audit of Public Sector Undertakings

  • Special features

  • Directions of Comptroller and Auditor General of India

  • Concept of propriety audit

  • Performance audit

  • Comprehensive audit

12. Liabilities of Auditors

  • Professional negligence

  • Civil liabilities

  • Criminal liabilities

  • Liabilities under different statutes - for example, Income Tax Act, Companies Act.

13. Internal Audit, Management and Operational Audit

  • Provisions of internal audit as per Companies Act, 2013

  • Scope of internal auditing

  • Relationship between the internal and external auditor

  • Basics of Internal Audit Standards issued by the ICAI

  • Drafting of Internal Audit Report

  • Management audit and Operational audit.

14. Due Diligence, Investigation and Forensic Audit

  • Due Diligence Review

  • Audit versus Investigation

  • Steps for investigation

  • Types of investigation

  • Procedure, powers, etc. of the investigator

  • Types of Fraud, indicators of fraud, follow-up thereof

  • Forensic audit meaning

  • The difference between statutory audit and forensic audit, forensic audit techniques

  • forensic audit report etc.

15. Peer Review and Quality Review

 

16. Professional Ethics

  • Code of Ethics with special reference to the relevant provisions of the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949

  • and the Regulations thereunder.

Paper 4- Corporate and Economic Laws

PART – I: CORPORATE LAWS (70 Marks)

SECTION A: COMPANY LAW

1. The Companies Act, 2013 and Rules framed thereunder in its entirety with specific reference to section 149 onwards

(i) Appointment and Qualifications of Directors

(ii) Appointment and remuneration of Managerial Personnel

(iii) Meetings of Board and its powers

(iv) Inspection, Inquiry and Investigation

(v) Compromises, Arrangements and Amalgamations

(vi) Prevention of Oppression and Mismanagement

(vii) Winding Up

(viii) Producer Companies

(ix) Companies incorporated outside India

(x) Miscellaneous Provisions

(xi) Compounding of offences, Adjudication, Special Courts

(xii) National Company Law Tribunal and Appellate Tribunal

2. Corporate Secretarial Practice

  • Drafting of Notices

  • Resolutions, Minutes and Reports

SECTION B: SECURITIES LAWS

1. The Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956 and the Securities Contract

(Regulation) Rules, 1957

Introduction and important provisions

2. The Securities Exchange Board of India Act, 1992

  • SEBI (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009

  • and SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirement) Regulations, 2015

PART II: ECONOMIC LAWS (30 MARKS)

1. The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999

  • Introduction

  • The broad structure of FEMA, Definition, Regulation and Management of Foreign Exchange

  • Contraventions and Penalties in brief

  • miscellaneous provisions

2. The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002

  • Important Definitions

  • Regulation of Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets of Banks and Financial Institutions

  • Enforcement of Security Interest

  • Offences and Penalties

  • Miscellaneous Matters

3. The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002

  • Definitions

  • Punishment for the Offence of Money laundering

  • The obligation of Banking Companies

  • Financial Institutions and Intermediaries or a person carrying on a designated business or profession

  • Appellate Tribunal, Special Court, Procedure for Attachment

  • and Confiscation of Property and Recovery of fines and penalties

4. Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010

  • Definitions, Regulation of Foreign

contribution and miscellaneous provisions

5. The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996

  • General Provisions

  • Arbitration agreement,

  • Tribunal, Conciliation

6. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

  • Preliminary

  • Corporate insolvency resolution process

  • Liquidation process and other provisions

Paper 5- Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation

Part A- Strategic Cost Management and Decision Making

Sub Part‒I Strategic Cost Management

1. Introduction to Strategic Cost Management

(i) Concept of Strategic Cost Management

(ii) Limitations of Traditional Cost Management

(iii) Traditional vs. Strategic Cost Management

2. Modern Business Environment

(i) Introduction/ Characteristics of the Modern Business Environment

(ii) Cost of Quality, Total Quality Management, Business Excellence Model

(iii) Throughput Accounting and Theory of Constraints

(iv) Supply Chain Management (SCM)

(v) Gain Sharing Arrangements

(vi) Outsourcing

3. Lean System and Innovation

(i) Introduction to Lean System

  • Just-in-Time (JIT)

  • Kaizen Costing

  • 5 Ss

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)

  • Cellular Manufacturing/ One-Piece Flow Production Systems

  • Six Sigma (SS)

(ii) Introduction to Process Innovation and Business Process Re-engineering (BPR)

4. Cost Management Techniques

(i) Cost Control/ Waste Control, Cost Reduction

(ii) Target Costing

(iii) Value Analysis/ Value Engineering

(iv) Pareto Analysis

(v) Life Cycle Costing

(vi) Environmental Management Accounting

5. Cost Management for Specific Sectors

(i) Agricultural Sector

(ii) Information Technology Sector

(iii) Power Sector

Sub Part‒II Strategic Decision Making

1. Decision Making

(i) Decision Making using CVP Analysis

(ii) Decision Making using Relevant Cost Concepts

(iii) Decision Making using Activity Based Costing

(iv) Ethical and Non-Financial Considerations Relevant to Decision Making

2. Pricing Strategies/ Decisions

(i) Theory & Principles of Product Pricing

(ii) Pricing – New Product, Finished Products & Pricing of Services

(iii) Sensitivity Analysis in Pricing Decisions

(iv) Pricing Decision under Special Circumstances (v) Pricing Strategies

PART‒B PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND CONTROL

Sub Part‒I Performance Evaluation and Reporting

1. Performance Measurement and Evaluation

(i) Responsibility Accounting

(ii) Linking Critical Success Factors (CSFs) to Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and Corporate Strategy; Performance Measurement Models‒The Balanced Scorecard, The Performance Pyramid, The Performance Prism and The Building Block Model; Divisional Performance Measures; Benchmarking Schemes

(iii) Performance Measurement in the Not-for-Profit Sector

(iv) Preparation of Performance Reports

2. Divisional Transfer Pricing

(i) Meaning, Purpose and Principles of Transfer Pricing

(ii) Methods of Transfer Pricing

(iii) The Behavioural Consequences arising from Divisional Structures

(iv) International Transfer Pricing

3. Strategic Analysis of Operating Income

(i) Operating Profit Analysis

(ii) Advanced Activity Based Costing, Activity-Based Management (ABM), Activity Based Budgeting (ABB)

Sub Part‒II Managerial Control

1. Budgetary Control

(i) The Concept of Feedback and Feed Forward Control

(ii) Behavioural Aspects of Budgeting – Imposed Style, Participative Budget

(iii) Behavioural Aspects of Budgetary Control

(iv) Beyond Budgeting

2. Standard Costing

(i) Analysis of Advanced Variances

(ii) Integration of Standard Costing with Marginal Cost Accounting

(iii) Reconciliation of Profit

(iv) Variance Investigation Techniques, Interpretation of Variances, Possible

Interdependence Between Variances and Reporting

(v) Behavioural Aspects of Standard Costing, Limitation of Standard Costing

(including its use in the contemporary business environment

PART C‒ CASE STUDY

Paper 6A- Risk Management

1. Introduction to risk

(i) The Concept of Risk

(ii) Risk and Uncertainty: Distinction

(iii) Classification of Risks

(iv) Dynamic Nature of Risks

(v) Types of Risk, including

  • Strategic and Operational Risks

  • Business Risk

  • Financial Risk

  • Information Risk

  • Liquidity Risk

2. Source and evaluation of risks

(i) Identification and Sources of Risk

(ii) Quantification of Risk and various methodologies

(iii) Impact of Business Risk

(iv) Identify and assess the impact upon the stakeholder involved in Business Risk

(v) Role of Risk Manager and Risk Committee in identifying Risk

3. Risk management

(i) Concept of Risk Management

(ii) Objective and Process of Risk Management

(iii) Importance of Risk Management

(iv) Risk Management techniques

4. Evaluation of Risk Management Strategies

(i) Risk Management Strategy alignment with Business Strategy

(ii) Internal Control environment and linkages with Risk Management

(iii) Risk Culture and attitudes to risk management

(iv) Integrated Risk Reporting and Stakeholder responsibilities

(v) IT Risk Management – Disaster Recovery

5. Risk model

(i) VAR

(ii) Stress Testing

(iii) Scenario Analysis

(iv) Country and Sovereign Risk Models and Management

6. Credit risk measurement and management

(i) Understanding the component of credit risk

(ii) Evaluating credit risk

(iii) Mitigating Credit risk

(iv) Qualitative and Quantitative techniques to manage risk

(v) Credit scoring models

7. Risk associated with corporate governance

(i) Evaluation of Risk Associated with Governance

(ii) Description and evaluation of framework for Board level consideration of risk

(iii) OECD Guidelines for Corporate Governance

8. Enterprise Risk Management

Definition, Scope and Techniques

9. Operational Risk Management

Definition, Scope and Techniques

  • Risk Analysis in Capital Budgeting Decision

  • Foreign Exchange Risk

  • Interest Rate Risk

Paper 6 B- Financial Services and Capital Markets(100 Marks)

1. Global Financial Markets

(i) Introduction to Global Financial Market

(ii) Role of Financial Market in Economic Development of a country

(iii) Stakeholders in Financial Market (Domestic and Global)

(iv) Indian Financial Market scenario

2. Impact of various Policies of Financial Markets

(i) Credit Policy of RBI

(ii) Fed Policy

(iii) Inflation Index, CPI, WPI, etc.

3. Capital Market - Primary

(i) New Issue Market – Domestic and Global

(ii) Private Placement , QIP, Disinvestment

(iii) Right Issue

4. Capital Market - Secondary

(i) Secondary Market

(ii) Stock Market Operations

(iii) Indian Debt Market

5. Money Market

(i) Basics of Money Market

(ii) Money Market Participants

(iii) Money Market Instruments

(iv) Repo and Reverse Repo

(v) CRR, SLR

(vi) MIBOR, LIBOR

(vii) Government Securities Market

6. Institutions and Intermediaries

(i) Depository

(ii) Stock and Commodity Exchanges – Indian and Global

(iii) Intermediaries

(iv) Institutional Investors

(v) FPIs

(vi) Custodians

(vii) Clearing Houses

7. Commodity Market

 
 

(i) What are Commodity Markets

(ii) Role of Commodity Markets

(iii) Commodity Market in India

(iv) Application of Derivative in Commodities

(v) Global Commodities Exchanges

8. Banking as source of Capital including NBFCs

(i) Concept of Project Financing

(ii) Working Capital Management

(iii) Reverse Mortgage

9. Mutual Funds

(i) Meaning

(ii) Evolution

(iii) Types

(iv) Performance Measures, NAV

(v) Mutual Fund Organisation

(vi) Advantages and Disadvantages of Mutual Fund

(vii) Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)

(viii) Real Estate Investment Trusts (ReITs)

(ix) Infrastructure Investment Trusts (Invits)

10. Private Equity

(i) Meaning and Classification

  • Venture Capital

  • Buyouts

  • Special Cases

  • Hurdle rate

  • Paid in Capital

  • Term Sheet

- Cost of Investing in Private Equity

- Exit Routes

- Valuation of Private Equity Transactions

- Private Equity Funds (Distribution of returns in General Partner and

Limited Partners)

11. Investment Banking

(i) Concept

(ii) Functions

(iii) Challenges

(iv) Developments in Investment Banking

(v) Merchant Banking and issue management

12. Credit Rating

(i) Introduction

(ii) Rating Services

(iii) Objectives and types

(iv) Uses

(v) Credit Rating Process

(vi) Credit Rating Methodology

(vii) Rating Revisions

(viii) Credit Rating Agencies in India and abroad

(ix) Limitations with case studies

13. Treasury Operations

(i) Raising and Deployment of Funds

(ii) Risk Management

14. Risk Management

(i) Preventive Controls

(ii) Early Signals

(iii) Credit Risk

15. Credit Derivatives

(i) Credit Default Swaps

(ii) Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDO)

(iii) Pricing of Credit Derivative Instruments

16. Leasing Decisions

 

17. Factoring

18. SEBI Guidelines

  • Securitization

  • Fixed Income Securities (Valuation of Bonds/ Debentures)

  • Derivatives

  • Interest Rate Risk

  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992

  • Legislative framework on listing agreements

  • The Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956

  • Chapter III-D of the RBI Act, 1934

Paper 6C- International Taxation

Part I - Taxation of International Transactions and Non-resident Taxation in India(50 Marks)

1. Transfer Pricing provisions under the Income-tax Act, 1961 (30 Marks)

(i) Arm’s Length Price

(ii) International Transactions

(iii) Most Appropriate Method

(iv) Functions, Assets and Risk Analysis

(v) Documentation & Compliances

(vi) Specific Reporting Regime in respect of Country by Country reporting and

master file

(vii) Advance Pricing Agreements

2 Other Provisions relating to taxation of international transactions and non-resident

taxation under the Income-tax Act, 1961

(i) Non-resident Taxation (including Source Rule of Taxation)

(ii) Double Taxation Relief

(iii) Advance Rulings

3. Law and Procedures under the Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and

Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015 – An Overview.

 

Part II - Other aspects of International Taxation (50 Marks)

1. Overview of Model Tax Conventions

(i) OECD Model Tax Convention

(ii) UN Model Tax Convention

(iii) US Model Tax Convention

2. Tax treaties, Application and Interpretation

(i) Features of Tax treaties

(ii) Overview of Tax Information Exchange Agreements

(iii) Commentaries and their importance

(iv) Role of Vienna Convention in application and interpretation of tax treaties

3. Anti Avoidance Measures

(i) Controlled Foreign Corporations

(ii) Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

(iii) Other Anti Avoidance Measures

4. Taxation of E-Commerce Transactions

(i) Introduction

(ii) Emerging issues

(iii) Equalisation levy

Paper 6 D- Economic laws (100 Marks)

1. World Trade Organization (WTO) covering its Role, Principles, Functions and Dispute

Settlement Mechanism

 

2. Competition Act, 2002 and Rules/ Regulations

 

3. Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 [Central Act and Rules/

Regulations]

 

4. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and Rules/ Regulations

 

5. Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 and Rules/ Regulations

 

6. Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 and Rules/ Regulations

 

7. Prohibition of Benami Property Transactions Act, 1988 and Rules/ Regulations

 

Paper 6E- Global Financial Reporting Standards (100 Marks)

1. Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting as per IFRS

2. Application of International Financial Reporting Standards

3. Significant differences between IFRS and US GAAPs

 

Paper 6F- Multidisciplinary Case Study(100 Marks)

1. Financial Accounting and Reporting

2. Audit and Assurance

3. Taxation

4. Finance and Financial Management

5. Management Accounting

6. Corporate Laws

7. Business Strategy and Management

 

Paper 7- Direct Tax laws and International taxation(100 Marks)

Part I: Direct Tax Laws (70 Marks)

Law and Procedures under the Income-tax Act, 1961

1. Basis of charge, residential status, income which do not form part of total income, heads

of income, income of other persons included in assessee’s total income, aggregation of

income, set-off and carry forward of losses, deductions from gross total income, rebates

and reliefs

2. Special provisions relating to companies and certain persons other than a company

3. Provisions relating to charitable and religious trust and institutions, political parties and

electoral trusts

4. Tax Planning, Tax Avoidance & Tax Evasion

5. Collection & Recovery of Tax, Refunds

6. Income-tax Authorities, Procedure for assessment, Appeals and Revision

7. Settlement of Tax Cases, Penalties, Offences & Prosecution

8. Liability in Special Cases

9. Miscellaneous Provisions and Other Provisions

Part II: International Taxation (30 Marks)

1. Taxation of international transactions and Non-resident taxation

 
 

(i) The provisions under the Income-tax Act, 1961, including

  • Specific provisions relating to Non-residents

  • Double Taxation Relief

  • Transfer Pricing & Other Anti-Avoidance Measures

  • Advance Rulings

(ii) Equalisation levy

2. Overview of Model Tax Conventions – OECD & UN

 

3. Application and interpretation of Tax Treaties

 

4. Fundamentals of Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

 

Paper 8- Indirect Tax Laws

Part-I: Goods and Services Tax(75 Marks)

Goods and Services Tax (GST) Law as contained in the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 and Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) Act, 2017 including

(i) Introduction to GST in India including Constitutional aspects

(ii) Levy and collection of CGST and IGST – Application of CGST/IGST law; Concept of supply

including composite and mixed supplies, inter-State supply, intra-State supply, supplies in

territorial waters; Charge of tax including reverse charge; Exemption from tax; Composition

levy

(iii) Place of supply

(iv) Time and Value of supply

(v) Input tax credit

(vi) Computation of GST liability

(vii) Procedures under GST including registration, tax invoice, credit and debit notes, electronic

waybill, accounts and records, returns, payment of tax including tax deduction at source and

tax collection at source, refund, job work

(viii) Liability to pay in certain cases

(ix) Administration of GST; Assessment and Audit

(x) Inspection, Search, Seizure and Arrest

(xi) Demand and Recovery

(xii) Offences and Penalties

(xiii) Advance Ruling

(xiv) Appeals and Revision

(xv) Other provisions

Part-II: Customs & FTP (25 Marks)

1. Customs Law as contained in the Customs Act, 1962 and the Customs Tariff Act, 1975

(i) Introduction to customs law including Constitutional aspects

(ii) Levy of and exemptions from customs duties – All provisions including application of

customs law, taxable event, charge of customs duty, exceptions to levy of customs duty,

exemption from custom duty

(iii) Types of customs duties

(iv) Classification and valuation of imported and export goods

(v) Officers of Customs; Appointment of customs ports, airports etc.*

(vi) Import and Export Procedures including special procedures relating to baggage, goods

imported or exported by post, stores

(vii) Provisions relating to coastal goods and vessels carrying coastal goods*

(viii) Warehousing*

(ix) Drawback

(x) Demand and Recovery*; Refund

(xi) Provisions relating to prohibited goods, notified goods, specified goods, illegal

importation/exportation of goods

(xii) Searches, seizure and arrest; Offences; Penalties; Confiscation and Prosecution*

(xiii) Appeals and Revision; Advance Rulings; Settlement Commission*

(xiv) Other provisions*

2. Foreign Trade Policy to the extent relevant to the indirect tax laws

(i) Introduction to FTP – legislation governing FTP, salient features of an FTP,

administration of FTP, contents of FTP and other related provisions

(ii) Basic concepts relating to import and export

(iii) Basic concepts relating to export promotion schemes provided under FTP

* The asterisk denotes all topics and subtopics that have been removed from the CA final 2022 syllabus due to study requirements. As a result, applicants must review the study requirements on a frequent basis to ensure that there are no omissions from the CA final curriculum.

CA final old and new syllabus comparison

In the revised structure of the syllabus, the majority of the CA final syllabus subjects will remain the same. There will be eight papers in each of the old and new syllabuses. The introduction of open book elective exams, on the other hand, marks a distinction. 

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