UPSC CGGE Preliminary - Syllabus

Combined Geo-Scientist (Preliminary) Examination

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UPSC CGGE Preliminary 2021 Syllabus: Subject wise Syllabus, Download Pdf

Updated On - January 22 2021 by Anusha Pachauri

UPSC CGGE Prelinimary 2021 Syllabus has been released by Union Public Service Commission(UPSC). Candidates must have knowledge of UPSC CGGE 2021 Syllabus. Having proper information about the syllabus will help the candidates to prepare for the exam properly without missing any topic for the CGGE Preliminary exam. Applicants must go through the given below article which contains all essential detail of UPSC CGGE Preliminary 2021 Syllabus. 

UPSC CGGE Preliminary 2021 Syllabus

Candidates must check the given below information of subject-wise UPSC CGGE Preliminary 2021 Syllabus:

CGGE Prelim Syllabus of General Studies

  • General Science 
  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography -Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation

CGGE Geophysics Syllabus

Solid Earth GeophysicsIntroduction to Geophysics and its branches. Solar system: origin, formation and
characteristics of planets, Earth: shape and rotation. Gravity and magnetic fields of the earth. Geomagnetism, elements of earth's magnetism, Rock and mineral magnetism, Elastic waves, types and their propagation characteristics, the internal structure of the earth, a variety of physical properties in the interior of the earth. Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and their causes, focal depth, epicentre, Intensity
and Magnitude scales, Energy of earthquakes, Seismicity. 
Mathematical Methods in Geophysics
  • Elements of vector analysis, Vector algebra, Properties of scalars, vectors and tensors
  • Matrices, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors and their applications in geophysics
  • Basic Forces of Nature and their strength: Gravitational, Electromagnetic, Strong and Weak forces. 
  • Fundamental concepts of inverse theory, Definition of inversion and application to Geophysics.
  • Probability theory, Random variables, binomial, Poisson and normal distributions. Linear algebra, Linear ordinary differential equations of first and second order.
  • Elements of numerical techniques: the root of functions, interpolation, and extrapolation
  • Electrostatic and magneto-static fields
  • Electrical permittivity and dielectric constant
  • Lorentz force and their applications
  • Ampere's law, Biot and Savart's law
  • Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction
  • Wave equation, plane electromagnetic waves in free space
Geophysical Prospecting
  • Elements of geophysical methods
  • Fermat’s Principle, Snell’s Law
  • Reflection and transmission coefficients
  • Reflection and Refraction from layered media
  • Fourier series and periodic waveforms, Fourier transform and its application
  • Power spectrum, Delta function
Remote Sensing and Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of remote sensing
  • Stefan-Boltzmann Law
  • Planck’s Radiation Law
  • Laws of thermodynamics and thermodynamic potential
Nuclear Physics and Radiometry
  • Basic nuclear properties: size, shape, charge distribution, spin and parity
  • Binding energy, semi-empirical mass formula
  • Principles of radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma decay
  • Ionization chamber, G-M counter, Scintillation counter and Gamma-ray spectrometer
  • Matter Waves and wave-particle duality

Candidates can also check: CGGE Preliminary 2021 and CGGE Preliminary Exam Pattern 2021

UPSC CGGE Chemistry Syllabus

Chemical periodicity
  • Schrödinger equation for the H-atom. Radial distribution curves for 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 3d orbitals. Electronic configurations of multi-electron atoms.
  •  Classification of elements on the basis of the electronic configuration
  • Modern IUPAC Periodic table
  • characteristics of s, p, d and f block elements
  •  Effective nuclear charges, screening effects, atomic radii, ionic radii, covalent radii
  • Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy and electronegativity
  • properties and reactions of important compounds such as hydrides, halides, oxides, oxy-acids
Chemical bonding and structure
  • Ionic bonding: Size effects, radius ratio rules and their limitations. Packing of ions in crystals, lattice energy, Born-Landé equation and its applications, Born-Haber cycle and its applications. Solvation energy, polarizing power and polarizability, ionic potential, Fajan's rules. Defects in solids.
  • Covalent bonding: Valence Bond Theory, Molecular Orbital Theory, hybridization. Concept of resonance, resonance energy, resonance structures.  
Acids and bases
  • Chemical and ionic equilibrium
  • Application of Ostwald's dilution law
  •  Strengths of acids and bases
  • pH-scale, the effect of temperature on pH, buffer solutions and their pH values
  • buffer action & buffer capacity
  •  types of buffers and Henderson's equation
Theoretical basis of quantitative inorganic analysis
  • General principles of different types of titrations: i) acid-base, ii) redox, iii) complexometric, iv) Precipitation
  • Types of indicators - i) acid-base, ii) redox iii) metal-ion indicators
Kinetic theory and the gaseous state
  • Kinetic theory of gases, the average kinetic energy of translation
  • Boltzmann constant and absolute scale of temperature
  • Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of speeds
  •  Collision diameter; collision number and mean free path
  • wall collision and rate of effusion
Chemical thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium
  • First law and its applications to chemical problems
  • Total differentials and state functions
  • Joule-Thomson coefficient and inversion temperature
  • Gibbs function (G) and Helmholtz function (A), Gibbs-Helmholtz equation
  • Applications of Second law of thermodynamics
Solutions of non-electrolytes
  • Raoult's Law, relative lowering of vapour pressure
  •  osmosis and osmotic pressure
  •  elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point of solvents
  • Solubility of gases in liquids and solid solutions
  • Cell constant, specific conductance and molar conductance
  • Kohlrausch's law of independent migration of ions, ion conductance and ionic mobility
  •  Equivalent and molar conductance at infinite dilution.
  • Determination of transport number by moving boundary method

CGGE Syllabus of Geology/Hydrogeology

Physical Geology
  • Principle of uniformitarianism; origin, differentiation and internal structure of the Earth
  • earthquakes and volcanoes
  • continental drift, sea-floor spreading, isostasy, orogeny and plate tectonics
  • geological action of rivers, wind, glaciers, waves
  • erosional and depositional landforms
  • weathering processes and products
Structural Geology
  • Stress, strain and rheological properties of rocks
  •  classification of folds and faults
  • Mohr's circle and criteria for failure of rocks
  •  ductile and brittle shear in rocks
  • V-rules and outcrop patterns
  •  stereographic projections of structural elements
  • Elements of symmetry, notations and indices
  • isomorphism, polymorphism, solid solution and exsolution
  • physical and optical properties of common rock-forming minerals- olivine, garnet, pyroxene, amphibole, mica, feldspar and quartz.
Igneous Petrology
  • Magma types and their evolution
  •  applications of binary and ternary phase diagrams in petrogenesis
  • magmatic differentiation and assimilation
  • petrogenesis of granites, basalts, komatiites and alkaline rocks
Metamorphic Petrology 
  • Limits, types and controls of metamorphism
  • metamorphic structures- slate, schist and gneiss
  •  concept of the metamorphic zone, isograd and facies
  • geothermal gradients, facies series and plate tectonics.
  • Origin of sediments; sedimentary textures, grain-size scale
  • primary sedimentary structures
  • classification of sandstone and carbonate rocks
  • siliciclastic depositional environments and sedimentary facies
  • Fossils and processes of fossilization
  • concept of species and binomial nomenclature
  • morphology and classification of invertebrates
  • evolution in Equidae and Hominidae
  • microfossils-Foraminifera, Ostracoda
  • Gondwana flora

Candidates can download the details UPSC CGGE Preliminary Syllabus PDF.

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