Combined Defence Services Examination

Pen & Paper Mode

CDS Basic Information

  • Application Fee:₹ 200
  • Number Of Attempts:2
  • Examination Modes:Pen & Paper Mode
  • Exam Conducting Body:Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

CDS 1 2023: Result(Soon), Selection Procedure, Personality Test

Updated On - February 15 2023 by Akriti Maurya

CDS 1 2023 will be conducted on 16 April 2023 by the Union Public Service Commission. This exam will be conducted at the national level for the candidates who wish to be a part of the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force, and Officer Training Academy. The CDS exam is organized twice a year as CDS 1 and CDS 2. The candidates are firstly supposed to clear the written test by scoring the minimum cut off marks after which they can appear for the round of SSB Interview and hence get shortlisted in the academy.
Candidates after qualifying the interview round have to go through the medical examination and document verification procedure. The candidates who wish to join CDS can go through the complete article to get all the important information related to the CDS exam.

CDS 1 2023 Exam Status

Candidates can check CDS 1 status from below:

Exam StatusResult soon
Exam date16 April 2023

CDS 1 2023 Important Dates

Candidates can find important dates related to the CDS 2023 Application Form from the given table:
CDS 2023 Exam Schedule



Release of notification

22 December 2023

CDS 2023 Registration Date

22 December 2023

Last date of registration 

12 January 2023 (entended)

Withdrawal of application form 

18-24 January 2023

Hall Ticket 

March 2023

CDS 2023 Exam date

16 April 2023

Declaration of result

May 2023

CDS 1 2023 Admit Card

Candidates can download their CDS Admit Card 2023 on the UPSC official website. Check all the essential information related to CDS 1 hall ticket:

  • Candidates have to download the admit card from the official website, the authority will not send the exam ticket via post or SMS.
  • For downloading the CDS admit card, candidates have to log in with their registration ID and password.
  • Candidates need to enter some required details.
  • They should check their admit card carefully and ensure that every detail must be included such as exam day and time, centre name and address and so on.
  • Candidates are advised to take the print out of their CDS admit card for examination and must carry it in the examination hall along with government photo ID proof.

CDS 1 2023 Exam Pattern

Candidates should check the CDS 1 2023 Exam Pattern in the given below table so that they have an idea about the exam paper structure:

CDS Paper Pattern
Exam ModeOffline(Pen & Paper)
Duration 2 Hours
Type of QuestionMultiple Choice Question
SubjectsEnglish, General Knowledge and English Elementary Mathematics
Negative Marking

1/3rd marks would be deducted

Total Marks300 marks for admission to INA, IMA, and AFA
Candidates can check the subject wise duration and marks distribution for Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy : 
Max. Marks


2 hours


General Knowledge

2 hours


Elementary Mathematics

2 hours


Candidate should check the duration and marks distribution for Officer’s Training Academy Admission given below:

The written examination has a weightage of 300 marks for admission to INA, IMA, and AFA.

Max. Marks


2 hours


General Knowledge

2 hours


CDS 1 Syllabus 2023

Candidates can check the CDS 1 2023 Syllabus in the given mentioned list:

  • English: The question paper will be set to test the candidates' knowledge of English and workmanlike use of words.
  • General Knowledge: This paper contains questions about current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of
    an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of nature which candidate should be able to answer without special study.  
  • Elementary Mathematics: This section includes topic such as:                                                                                                      
  CDS Syllabus for Arithmetic section
  • Number System—Natural numbers
  • Integers
  • Rational and Real numbers
  • Fundamental operations
  • Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
  • Unitary method, time and distance, time and work
  • Percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation
  • Elementary Number Theory
  • Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90° Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°;
  • Simple trigonometric identities
  • Use of trigonometric tables
  • Simple cases of heights and distances.

Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on

  • Properties of angles at a point,
  • Parallel lines,
  • Sides and angles of a triangle,
  • Congruency of triangles,
  • Similar triangles,
  • The concurrence of medians and altitudes,
  • Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square,
  • Circles and its properties including tangents and normals,
  • Loci.
  • Areas of squares
  • Rectangles
  • Parallelogram triangle and circle
  • Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres                                                                                                                           
  • Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.

CDS 1 2023 Sample Paper

Candidates can check the CDS Sample Paper mentioned below:

CDS 1 2023 Preparation Tips

The following CDS 1 2023 preparation tips will help the candidates during their preparation for the exam:

  • The candidates must be aware of the exam syllabus.
  • Candidates must study all the subjects and give equal time to all the subjects.
  • Practice question papers from all the previous year sample papers and question papers.
  • Applicants must take out a printout of the exam syllabus, mark all the important topics prepare short notes and revise them before few days of the exam.
  • Students must take a balanced diet and have proper rest.
  • Meditation or yoga can be practised to manage stress.
Candidates can download the CDS 1 2023 Information brochure PDF here.

CDS 2023 Result

Union Public Service Commission prepares the list of the candidates who are able to get minimum qualifying score, as mentioned by the Commission, in the written test. Successful candidates then will go for the intelligence test and personality test, conducted at the Service Selection Board on the basis of the preference they have filled by the responsible serve headquarter. Two-stage selection procedure is set on the basis of Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test at the Service Selection Boards. Candidates who are able to qualify the first stage will be able to appear for the second stage. After clearing the second stage candidates will be asked to submit their,

  • Matriculation pass certificate
  • Bachelors Degree/Provisional Degree and the mark sheets of the semesters/years

CDS 1 2023 Selection Procedure

Given below are the CDS exam selection process, candidates must check it carefully:

  • The CDS 1 selection process 2023 is divided into three phases: Written Examination, SSB Interview and Personality Test, and Medical Fitness Test.
  • The candidates will have to go through medical examination after they clear their SSB Interview round.
  • Document verification would also be done at the time of selection.

CDS 1 2023 Intelligence and Personality Test

Candidates can check the details concern with CDS 1 2023 Intelligence and Personality Test:

  • Candidates who successfully cleared the written exam will be a called for intelligence and personality test at the Service Selection Board based on their preference by the respective service HQ.
  • Candidates who qualify in the written exam will have to register themselves on the recruiting directorate website to enable them to receive a call for SSB Interview.
  • The selection procedure consists of a two-stage Selection process - stage I and stage II. Only those candidates are permitted to appear for stage II who cleared the stage 1. The details are:-
(a) Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on the combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.

(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the website

  • The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test.
  • Marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test.
  • Besides, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.
  • The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate.
  • Candidates are then recommended or not recommended at the SSB accordingly. 

CDS 1 2023 Medical Fitness Test

The final selection will be made in order of merit subject to medical fitness and suitability in all other respects and the number of vacancies available. Check the information related to the CDS exam Medical Fitness Test given below:

Few of such commonly found defects/ailments are listed below:-

  1. Wax (ears)
  2. Deviated Nasal Septum
  3. Hydrocele/Varicocele/Phimosis
  4. Overweight/Underweight
  5. Piles and
  6. Gynaecomastia 
Note: Permanent body tattoos are only permitted on the inner face of forearm Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are not acceptable and candidates will be barred from further selection. Tribes with tattoo marks on the face or body as per their existing custom and traditions will be permitted on a case to case basis. 
  • A candidate recommended by the Services Selection Board will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Women candidates will undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising male/female doctors/specialists/Gynaecologist.
  • There will be a Lady Medical Officer as Member of Board. Only those candidates will be admitted to the Academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board. 
  • Unfit candidates may apply for Appeal Medical Board (AMB) and may request for Review Medical Board (RMB) within one day of completion of Appeal Medical Board. 

The candidate must be physically fit according to the prescribed physical standards which are summarized below:

  1. The candidate must be in good physical and mental health and free from any disease/disability which is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of duties.
  2. There should be no evidence of weak constitution, bodily defects or underweight. The candidate should not be overweight or obese.
  3. The minimum acceptable height for male candidates is 157.5 cms. (157 cms for Navy and 162.5 cms for Air Force). Women candidates minimum acceptable height is 152 cms. For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North-Eastern region of India, Garhwali and Kumaon, the Minimum acceptable height will be 5 cms less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep, the minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cms. 
  4. Candidates are advised to undergo a preliminary medical check-up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, fungal infection of skin etc. before reporting for the SSB interview.
  5. All candidates who are selected will be undergoing tough military training and will be deployed to perform military duties in any terrain, weather and austere conditions.
  6. All candidates will be examined by the Board of Medical Officers who have undergone basic military training and are well oriented to working conditions of military deployment and working conditions.
  7. The following investigations are carried out mandatorily during Special Medical Board, however, Medical Officer/Medical Board examining a candidate may ask for any other investigation as required or indicated:-
    1. Complete Haemogram
    2. Urine RE/ME
    3. X-ray chest PA view
    4. USG abdomen & pelvis
  1. Medical Examination of Female Candidates. General methods and principles of medical examination of female candidates will be the same as for male candidates. A detailed physical and systemic examination will be carried out of the candidate and she should be examined by a lady Medical Officer or a lady Gynaecologist or male medical officer in the presence of a female attendant.
  2. Pregnancy can be the cause of temporary rejection. The individual would be advised to report again to the hospital 24 weeks after an uncomplicated vaginal delivery.

CDS 1 2023 Exam Centre

Candidates must check the CDS 1 2023 Exam centre list mention given below:

  1. Agartala
  2. Ahemdabad
  3. Aizawl
  4. Bengaluru
  5. Bareily
  6. Bhopal
  7. Chandigarh
  8. Chennai
  9. Cuttack
  10. Dehradun
  11. Delhi
  12. Dharwad
  13. Dispur
  14. Gangtok
  15. Hyderabad
  16. Imphal
  17. Itanagar
  18. Jaipur
  19. Jammu
  20. Jorhat
  21. Kochi
  22. Kohima
  23. Kolkata
  24. Lucknow
  25. Madurai
  26. Mumbai
  27. Nagpur
  28. Panaji
  29. Patna
  30. Port Blair
  31. Prayagraj
  32. Raipur
  33. Ranchi
  34. Sambalpur
  35. Shillong
  36. Shimla
  37. Srinagar
  38. Tirupati
  39. Thiruvananthapuram
  40. Udaipur
  41. Visakhapatnam

UPSC CDS 2023 Vacancies

As per the notification, UPSC has announced a total of 345 vacancies for Combined Defence Services exam. Check the name of the course and vacancies available here:

Name of the courseVacancy
Indian Military Academy, Dehradun100
Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala26
Air Force Academy, Hyderabad32
Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Men)170
Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Women)17

CDS 1 2023 Application Form

Candidates would be filled CDS 2023 Application Form on the official website of UPSC. To check all the relevant information regarding the CDS 1 registration 2023, read the section below: 
  • Candidates are required to fill the application form online on the official website.
  • Upload the scanned copy of photograph and signature in the prescribed format.
  • Candidates have to provide the details of one photo ID proof (Aadhar Card/ Voter Card/ PAN Card/ Passport/ Driving License/ Any other photo ID Card) issued by the State/Central Government. 
  • Candidates should avoid submitting multiple applications. If in case the candidates need to submit multiple applications they must make sure that application with higher RID (Registration ID) is complete in all respect.
  • In case of multiple applications form, the applications form with higher RID shall be considered by the Commission and fee paid against one RID shall not be adjusted against any other RID. 
  • Also, applicants must provide valid e-mail ID while filling the form as the  Commission may use electronic mode of communication while contacting them at different stages of the examination process. 

CDS 1 2023 Application Fee

Candidates must check the category wise CDS Application Fees 2023 given mentioned table:

CDS 1 Registration Fees 2023

OBC and General category candidates 


Female and SC/ST category candidates


Mode of Payment: Candidates could pay the Application Fee through both the mode- online as well as offline.
  • Offline Mode: By depositing the money in any Branch of SBI by cash, or
  • Online mode: By using net banking facility of SBI, State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/State Bank of Hyderabad/State Bank of Mysore/State Bank of Patiala/State Bank of Travancore or by using Visa/Master Credit/Debit Card. 
  • Application Fee will not be refunded back.

CDS 1 2023 Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must check the CDS 1 2023 Eligibility Criteria before start fill application form on the website. Check some points related eligibility given below:

Nationality: Candidates should be unmarried and must be a citizen of the following:
  1. a Citizen of India, or
  2. a subject of Bhutan, or
  3. a subject of Nepal, or
  4. a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January 1962 to permanently settle in India, or
  5. The candidate who possess Indian origin but has move from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam to permanently settle in India. 
Educational Qualifications:
Qualification Required for CDS Exam

For I.M.A. and Officers’ Training Academy

Degree of a recognised University or equivalent

For Indian Naval Academy

Degree in Engineering from a recognised University/Institution

For Air Force Academy

Candidates must have a degree of 10+2 level with Physics and Mathematics or Bachelor of Engineering  from a recognized university

  • Candidates who graduate in Army/Navy/Air Force have to submit proof of graduation provisional certificates on the date of commencement of the SSB Interview at the SSB (Service Selection Board).
  • Candidates in the final year/semester Degree course can also apply for the exam.
  • Furthermore, these applicants will have to submit the proof of qualifying the degree examination.

CDS 1 2023 Highlights

Candidates should check the Combined Defence Services entrance exam basic information from the given below table:
Name of the exam


Exam conducting body

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)


National Level 

Official website
Application Link

 Apply Now

Exam Mode

Offline (Pen and Paper-based test)

Exam purpose

To admit the candidates into Indian Naval Academy (INA), Indian Military Academy (IMA), and Air Force Academy (AFA)

Stay connected for CDS 2021 (UPSC COMBINED DEFENCE SERVICES 1) conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Union Public Service Commission

Union Public Service Commission is India's central recruiting agency. It is established in 1926, 01 October as a Public Service Commission, later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Constitution and its headquarters is in Dhopur House, New Delhi. Initially, the examinations for the Indian Civil Service were conducted only in London. Arvind Saxena has been the chairman since June 2018. UPSC is responsible for appointments of and examination for All India Services, while the Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency of India.

Subscribe to Get Updated Information

+91 -

CDS Important Dates

CDS 1 Form Date21 Dec - 12 Jan 2023
CDS 1 Exam Date16 Apr 2023

Combined Defence Services Examination Exam Pattern

Paper 1
Exam Duration:

2 hours

Total Marks:


Question Paper Type :

Multiple Choice Questions

Negative Marking:


NOTE:1/3 Marks deducted

3General Knowledge & Current Affairs100------

Frequently Asked Questions


Form Start Date:

21 Dec 2022

Form End Date:

12 Jan 2023

The last date to submit the form was on 12 Jan 2023
Browse Other Exams
Examination Date (Online):

16 Apr 2023

Application Fees:

₹ 200

Admissions open for


23 Jul 2024-23 Jul 2024

LPU Admissions 2021

01 Nov 2022-31 Mar 2023

Manipal University

01 Nov 2023-15 Mar 2024

CGC Landran Admissions 2021

01 Jan 2023-31 May 2023


01 Feb 2023-21 Feb 2023

Latest Forms Dates

Ongoing/Upcoming Dates for