CLAT - Syllabus

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CLAT 2021 Syllabus: UG & PG Section Wise Topics, Syllabus PDF, Exam Pattern

Updated On - July 23 2021 by Anusha Pachauri

CLAT 2021 Syllabus has been released by the Consortium of National Law Universities. The CLAT will focus on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates. Common-Law Admission Test syllabus will be different for 5-year integrated LLB and for LLM admission test. The syllabus for UG entrance test will include topics like general knowledge & current affairs, English, legal aptitude and logical reasoning whereas, for PG syllabus topics like Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Law of Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, and others are included. Check the complete syllabus of CLAT 2021 from the article below.

CLAT 2021 Syllabus

The UG-CLAT 2021 shall be a multiple-choice questions car 150 MCQs crying 1 mark each of total,  There shall be negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer. These questions would be divided across the following 5 subjects:
  • English Language
  • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Techniques
English Language 

In this section of the question paper will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and would be of a XII standard.

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require to demonstrate comprehension and language skills, including the abilities to:

  • Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
  • Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;
  • Summarise the passage;
  • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage; and
  • Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.
Current Affairs Including General Knowledge

This section will be provided passages of up to 450 words each from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require to demonstrate the awareness of various aspects of current affairs & general knowledge, including:

  • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world.
  • Arts and culture;
  • International affairs; and
  • Historical events of continuing significance.
Legal Reasoning

The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of law. 

Each passage would be followed by a series of questions:

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;
  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and
  • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.
Logical Reasoning

Each passage will be followed by one or more questions:

  • Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions;
  • Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
  • Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
  • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
  • Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence and assess the effectiveness of arguments.
Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. 

  • Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
  • Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.

The PG-CLAT 2021 will emphasis on the comprehension abilities of the students. It shall be of 120 minutes duration, with one section.

  • Constitutional Law
  • Jurisprudence
  • Administrative Law
  • Law of Contract
  • Torts
  • Family Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Property Law
  • Company Law
  • Public International Law
  • Tax Law
  • Environmental Law
  • Labour & Industrial Law

Important Books for CLAT 2021

The candidates must be careful while selecting study material for the exam. It is the sole responsibility of the candidates to select those books which have the concepts clearly stated in it and are trustworthy books. Check out the list of books given in the table below and useful for the preparation of CLAT 2021.

Self Study Guide CLAT 2020
Guide to CLAT & LL.B. Entrance Examination 2020-21
CLAT & AILET Chapter Wise Solved Papers 2008-2019
Latest 2019-2020 Guide to CLAT & LL.B. Entrance Examination
Complete CLAT Companion with Free Current Affairs Booklet by Pearson

CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

As per the last year, the CLAT examination is conducted both for UG and PG categories. It is expected that the exact pattern and scheme of exams might get updated by the Consortium of NLUs with the announcement of the CLAT 2021 exam. Meanwhile, Candidates can check the exam pattern for CLAT 2021 below. 

Exam pattern of CLAT 2021 UG
  • Duration of the Exam: The duration of the test is 2 hours (120 minutes).
  • Number of questions: There are 150 questions in the exam.
  • Type of Questions: The question paper of CLAT contains Multiple Choice Questions
  • Marking Scheme: Add 1 mark for each correct answer and deduct 0.25 marks for each wrong answer.
Subject areas
English languageLogical reasoning
Legal reasoningQuantitative techniques
Current affairs including general
knowledge questions
Exam pattern of CLAT 2021 PG
  • Duration of the Exam: The duration of the exam is 2 hours (120 minutes).
  • Type of Questions: It consists of both objective and subjective type questions.
  • Number of questions: There are 100 MCQ and 50 subjective type questions in the exam.
Marking scheme:
  • 2 essay type questions of 25 marks each
  • 100 multiple choice questions of 1 mark each
  • -0.25 for the wrong answers

Preparation Tips for CLAT 2021

Apart from knowing the syllabus, books to prepare and exam pattern, the candidates need to follow some preparation tips till the time of examination. Check the preparation tips given below for CLAT 2021.

  • Before starting with the preparation, prepare a timetable and make a slot for each subject. Make sure you stick to the time table till the day a before the exam .
  • It is advised to practice the mock tests before appearing in the actual examination. Practicing the mock test is beneficial as it enlists the pattern of how the exam is conducted. This also increases your accuracy and speed to solve questions.
  • Apart from knowing the syllabus it is important for the candidates to know the pattern of the question papers well. With the help of previous year question paper Candidates can get to know the important topics from the point of exam.
  • Do not forget to prepare your notes and revise them regularly. Continuous revision is the key to your success. So, make sure you revise all the topics again and again till the day of examination.
  • Apart from studying day and night for the examination, try to focus on your health too. As it is said, that “health is wealth” so make sure your health is not neglected at the time of preparation. Get a proper sleep, get the proper food and take enough breaks in between.

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