Maharashtra State Board Class 12th (HSC) Syllabus 2021: Download Pdf


Maharashtra State Board Class 12th (HSC) Syllabus 2021 is released by the MSBSHE in the pdf form. The 12th class will have the subjects from Science, Commerce & Arts streams. The syllabus of Maharashtra HSC board has been reduced by 25% due to COVID-19 pandemic. It contains the subject-wise topics and chapters. The exam is scheduled to be held from 23 April to 21 May 2021 Read the article below to get the detailed syllabus of Maharashtra XII board syllabus 2021.

Check Maharashtra Board HSC Time Table 2021: MSBSHSE 12th Date sheet

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Maharashtra XII board exam 2021 syllabus has been reduced by 25% due to COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown situation.

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Maharashtra HSC Physics Syllabus 2021

Students must go through the table carefully to have an idea of the Maharashtra HSC Physics syllabus to know the topics from which questions will be picked up:

Maharashtra 12th Board Physics Syllabus
Chapters Sub-topics
Circular motion
  • Angular displacement
  • Angular velocity and angular acceleration
  • The equation for velocity and energy at different positions
  • Kinematical equations
  • Newton’s law of gravitation
  • Kepler’s laws of motion
  • Escape velocity of a satellite
  • Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, latitude, depth and motion, etc
Rotational motion M.I., K.E. of the rotating body, Rolling motion, Radius of gyration, Torque, Angular momentum
Oscillations S.H.M., Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter, K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M
Elasticity The elastic property, Plasticity, Hooke’s law, Deformation, Poisson’s ratio, stress and strain, Elastic constants and their relation
Surface tension Surface energy, Surface tension, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension, Angle of contact.
Wave motion Doppler effect in sound, Simple harmonic progressive waves, transverse and longitudinal waves, Superposition of
Stationary waves Vibrations in a finite medium, vibrations of air columns, Stationary waves on a string, Free and Forced vibrations, Resonance
Kinetic theory of gases and Radiation Derivation of Boyle’s law, 1st law of thermodynamics, Wein’s displacement law, Greenhouse effect, Stefan’s law, Maxwell distribution,
Wave theory of light
  • Huygens’ Principle
  • Polarisation
  • Polaroids
  • Refraction at a plane surface
  • Plane polarised light
  • Wavefront and wave normal
  • Brewster’s law
  • Doppler effect in the light.
Interference and diffraction Young’s experiment, Analytical treatment of interference bands, Rayleigh’s criterion, interference and diffraction. etc
Electrostatics Gauss’ theorem, Dielectrics and electric polarization, van-de-Graaff generator, the Energy density of a medium, etc
Current electricity Kirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer.
Electrons and photons Photoelectric effect, Einstein’s equation, Hertz and Lenard’s observations,
Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei Rutherford’s model of atom, Composition and size of nucleus, Hydrogen spectrum, Bohr’s model, Decay law, Radioactivity, mass-energy relation, etc
Semiconductors Zener diode, Photodiode, Solar cell, P-N junction diode, I-V characteristics
Communication systems Propagation of electromagnetic waves, the bandwidth of transmission medium, the bandwidth of signals, etc
Magnetic effects of electric current Ampere’s law and its applications, Ammeter, Voltmeter, moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron. etc
Magnetism Curie temperature, Circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism
Electromagnetic inductions Laws of electromagnetic induction, proof, Self-induction and mutual induction, Eddy currents, etc.

Maharashtra HSC Chemistry Syllabus 2021

Aspirants can get the topics for Chemistry exam XII board exam preparation from the given table:

Maharashtra 12th Board Chemistry Syllabus
Chapters Sub-topics
Solid State Classification of solids, a unit cell in 2 & 3-dimensional lattices, etc.
Solutions and colligative
Types of solutions, the concentration of solids in liquids, Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, Van’t Hoff factor, etc
Chemical thermodynamics and energetic Work, heat, energy, First law of thermodynamics, Hess’ law of constant heat summation, extensive and intensive properties, enthalpy of bond dissociation, Second and third law of thermodynamics, etc
Electrochemistry Kohlrausch’s Law, lead accumulator, dry cell –electrolytic and galvanic cells, EMF, fuel cells, Nernst equation
Chemical kinetics Activation energy, rate law and specific rate constant, Arrhenius equation, the concept of collision theory, etc
General principles and processes of isolation of elements Principles and methods of extraction, reduction electrolytic method and refining
p-Block elements Group 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Classification of oxides, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements, etc.
d and f Block Elements Lanthanoids, Actinoids, first-row transition metals, interstitial compounds, alloy formation
Coordination compounds IUPAC nomenclature, Werner’s theory, coordination number, magnetic properties, VBT, CFT. isomerism,
Halogen derivatives of alkanes Haloalkanes, Haloarenes, the stability of carbocations, d-l and R-S configurations.
Alcohols, phenols and ethers Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc
Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc
Organic compounds containing nitrogen Amines, Diazonium salts, Cyanides and isocyanides, etc
Polymers Classification, methods of polymerization, copolymerization, polythene, bakelite, nylon, polyesters, and rubber, Biodegradable, non-biodegradable polymers.
Chemistry in everyday life Chemicals in medicines, Chemicals in food, Cleansing agents
Biomolecules Carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins, Nucleic acids, etc

Maharashtra HSC Biology Syllabus 2021

To get good marks in the board exam, candidates must cover each and every topic of Maharashtra 12th board syllabus. Some important topics are listed below:

Maharashtra 12th Board Biology Syllabus
Genetics and Evolution
Genetic Basis of Inheritance, Gene- its nature, expression and regulation, RNA, Protein Synthesis;
Biotechnology and its application
Genetic engineering, cloning a DNA Library, Plasmids, Bacteriophages, BT crops, Biosafety Issues, etc
Enhancement in Food Production
Tissue Culture, Plant Breeding, Single Cell Protein, Callus Culture, Biofortification, etc
Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Microbes in Household food processing
  • Industrial Production
  • Biogas Production
  • Biocontrol Agents
  • Sewage Treatment
  • Biofertilizers
Plant Physiology
  • Photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • Mechanism of Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration
  • Fermentation
Reproduction in Plants
  • Asexual reproduction
  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Double Fertilization
  • Pollination
  • Post-fertilization changes
Habitat and Niche
Ecosystems, Ecological succession, Environmental issues, etc
Genetics and Evolution, Biotechnology and its application
Genetics and Evolution
Origin and the Evolution of Life, Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
Genetic Engineering and Genomics
DNA Finger Printing, Genomics, Human insulin, Gene Therapy. Transgenic animals.
Human Health and Diseases
Immunology, Antigen-Antibody Complex, Pathogens and Parasites, Adolescence, drug abuse, Cancer and AIDS, etc
Animal Husbandry
Dairy, Animal Breeding, Fisheries, Lac culture, Poultry, Bee-Keeping, Sericulture
  • Blood composition and coagulation
  • Pulmonary and Systemic Circulation
  • Cardiac output
  • Regulation of cardiac activity
  • Blood-related disorders
  • ECG, Lymphatic System
Excretion and osmoregulation
Modes of excretion, Excretory System, Role of Kidney in Osmoregulation, Regulation of kidney function, Disorders, etc
Control and Co-ordination
Nervous System, Sensory receptors, Endocrine System, Hormones and their functions, Common disorders, etc
Human Reproduction System
The reproductive system in male and female, Reproductive cycle, Reproductive health, Contraception and sexually transmitted diseases, etc
Ecology and Environment
Biodiversity and its conservation, Population and ecological adaptations, Environmental issues,

Maharashtra HSC Mathematics Syllabus 2021

Maths is an elective subject for Science, Commerce & Art streams. Maharashtra 12th board syllabus for Mathematics is slightly different for Science & Arts and Commerce students.

Maharashtra 12th Board Maths Syllabus
Mathematical Logic Applications of definite integral
Pair of straight lines Applications of derivative
Matrices Differential equation
Circle Applications of definite integral
Trigonometric functions Integration
Conics Statistics
Vectors Probability distribution
Linear programming problems Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution
Three-dimensional geometry Continuity
Line Differentiation

Maharashtra HSC English Syllabus 2021

In English, a student’s reading, writing, and English grammar skills will be evaluated. The Grammar section comprises given topics. Refer to the below Maharashtra 12th board syllabus 2021 for English

  • Tenses
  • Types of sentences
  • Clauses
  • Reported speech
  • Prepositions
  • Word formation
  • Infinitives
  • Gerunds and Participles
  • Linking words/discourse markers

Section-wise Weightage for English:

English Syllabus & Marks Distribution
Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
Writing skill
Oral test

Maharashtra HSC Political Science Syllabus 2021

Part 1-Indian Constitution: Characteristics

  • Fundamental Rights,
  • Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties.
  • Legislature: Parliament.
  • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • Lawmaking process, Amendment procedure State legislature: Vidhan Sabha, Vidhan Parishad
  • Executive: President – Election, Power and Functions Vice President – Election, Power and Functions Prime Minister and Council of Ministers – Election.

Part 2- Politics in India

  • Patterns of Party Competition
    • One-party dominant system
    • Towards the multi-party system
  • Political and Social Movements
    • Nature of social movement
    • Role of movements in a democratic system
    • Examples of movements, etc.

Maharashtra HSC Accountancy Syllabus 2021

The Accountancy syllabus includes below-given topics:

  1. Introduction to Partnership
  2. Partnership Final Accounts
  3. Bill of Exchange (Only Trade Bill)
  4. Company Accounts
  5. Analysis of financial statements
  6. Accounting for shares
  7. Reconstitution of Partnership
  8. Dissolution of Partnership Firm
  9. Accounts of “Not for Profit” concerns
  10. Single entry system

Maharashtra HSC Economics Syllabus 2021

  1. Introduction to Micro Economics
    • Consumers behaviour
    • Types of Market & Price determination
    • Factors of Production
    • Analysis of Supply
  2. Introduction to Macro Economics
    • National Income
    • Determinants of Aggregates
    • Money
    • Commercial Bank
    • Central Bank
    • Public Economics

Maharashtra HSC Sociology Syllabus 2021 

  1. Formation of Indian Society
  2. Segments of Indian Society
  3. Social Institutions in India
  4. Major Social Problems in India
  5. National Integration
  6. Social Change in India
  7. Social reformers in India
  8. Globalization and Mass Media

Maharashtra HSC Arts Syllabus 2021 

Maharashtra 12th Board Arts Stream Syllabus




  • Prose
  • Poetry,
  • Rapid reading
  • Grammar and Composition
  • Composition-Essay writing – Nibandh lekha
  • Comprehension – Bodh Pariksan Kara
  • Translation
  • Anubad Kara
  • Letter Writing, Bhad- Samprasaran

English literature

  • Introduction to the Study of English Literature
  • Poems
  • Short stories
  • Essays,
  • One-act Play
  • Biographical pieces
  • A short novel, a play


  • Applied History in the 21st Century
  • Mass Media and History
  • Entertainment Media and History
  • Tourism and History
  • Museums
  • Historical Research
  • Encyclopedia
  • Administrative Services
  • History Teacher and Teaching


  • Population
  • Migration
  • Agriculture
  • Minerals and energy resources
  • Industries
  • Trade
  • Transportation and Communications
  • Economic developments

How to download Maharashtra State Board Class 12th (HSC) Syllabus 2021?

The candidates can follow the below-given steps to download Maharashtra class 12th board Syllabus 2021:

  • Step 1: Visit Maharashtra class 10th board official site i.e.
  • Step 2: At the top of the page a link is given “Subjects and Syllabus” click on the same.
  • Step 3: Then download the subject-wise syllabus pdf for reference.

Download Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2021 Pdfs

The Maharashtra State Board Of Secondary And Higher Secondary Education has released the syllabus for all subjects which can be downloaded from the below links:

  1. Maharashtra English Syllabus Pdf
  2. Maharashtra Marathi Syllabus Pdf
  3. Maharashtra Hindi Syllabus Pdf
  4. Maharashtra Geography Syllabus Pdf
  5. Maharashtra Economics Syllabus Pdf
  6. Maharashtra History Syllabus Pdf
  7. Mathematics and Statistics Syllabus Pdf
  8. Maharashtra Physics Syllabus Pdf
  9. Mah HC Chemistry Syllabus Pdf
  10. Maharashtra Biology Syllabus Pdf

Maharashtra State Board Of Secondary And Higher Secondary Education 12th Class Syllabus Highlights

Divisional Boards: Pune, Mumbai, Aurangabad, Nasik, Kolhapur, Amravati, Latur, Nagpur, and Ratnagiri.

Maharashtra State Board Syllabus Overview
Examination conduction Board: Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (MSBSHSE), Pune.
Name of Exam: Maharashtra Higher Secondary Certificate Examination (HSC) – 12th Board
Board Type State Board
Syllabus Type Intermediate – Maharashtra State Board Syllabus
Official Website


Maharashtra Board Exam Important Links

Maha board 10th Board SSC date sheet 2021

12th Board HSC time table 

10th board SSC Syllabus 

Class 12th Maharashtra board Syllabus Pdf

Maharashtra SSC Model Paper 2021

Maharashtra Board HS Model paper 2021 


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