Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Course Details: Dentist Job, Score, Admission

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Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is an acronym for Bachelor of Dental Surgery course is a professional course which includes 4 years of study followed by one year of internship at the undergraduate level. It is considered one of the most popular courses among all medical courses. The candidates having BDS dental degree are known as the dental surgeon, they get the specialization in dentistry, the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. 

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree is awarded on the successful completion of the 4-year academic education only. The 1-year mandatory internship programme in dentistry education is provided leading to the Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree programme. After completing this degree once is eligible to practice as a dentist.

How to Become a Dentist?

Career Path of Dentist
Path Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science with Biology stream Graduation Program 5 years BDS (4 Years of study + 1 Year Internship) Post Graduation Program 2 years MDS Post Graduation Program 2-3 years PhD
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science with Biology stream Graduation Program 5 years BDS (4 Years of study + 1 Year Internship) Diploma/Post Graduation Diploma 1-2 years After BDS Diploma/Post Graduation Diploma 1-2 years After MDS

Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Admission

The candidates seeking admission in Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) course have to fulfil the following requirements:

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  • One should have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board.
  • At XII level must have Physics, Chemistry & Biology as main subjects with minimum 50% marks. 
  • NEET-UG score

See NEET 2020: Center Change Allowed (Till 03 May), Admit Card

Entrance Exam for BDS Admission 

To pursue the course of BDS one should have a valid score of NEET-UG(National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Under Graduate), a competitive exam which is held at the National level for all medical courses which is conducted by the NTA(National Testing Agency). 

Few basic details of NEET-UG are given below in the table:

 
Exam Name NEET-UG(National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Under Graduate)
Conducting body NTA(National Testing Agency)
Exam Mode Offline(Pen & Paper) mode
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs)
Educational qualification for NEET-UG At 10+2 or equivalent level a candidate must have secured a minimum of 50% marks for unreserved categories, 45% marks for physically handicapped (PH) & 40% marks for SC/ST category candidates in PCB group.
Minimum & Maximum age required Minimum age required is 17 years of age and the upper age limit for NEET (UG) is 25 years as on the date of examination with relaxation of 5 years for the applicants belonging to SC/ST/OBC.
NEET-UG 2020 cut-off 50th percentile 
Admission to medical colleges 15% of All India Quota seats and State Quota Seats 

Subjects of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Degree

The candidates can check the subjects of study under BDS degree:

First Year BDS Subjects

  • General Human Anatomy including Embryology & Histology
  • General Human Physiology and Biochemistry
  • Dental Anatomy, Embryology and Oral Histology
  • Dental Materials
  • Pre-clinical Prosthodontics

Second Year BDS Subjects

  • General Pathology and Microbiology
  • General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • Dental Materials
  • Pre Clinical Conservative Dentistry
  • Pre Clinical Prosthodontics
  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

Third Year BDS Subjects

  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
  • Oral Medicine and Radiology
  • Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry
  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics
  • Periodontology
  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge
  • Conservative Dentistry & Endodontic
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Public Health Dentistry

Fourth Year BDS Subjects

  • Oral Medicine and Radiology
  • Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry
  • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics
  • Periodontology
  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge
  • Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Public Health Dentistry

Syllabus for Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Degree

The BDS dental syllabus for 4-years duration is mentioned below:

First Year BDS Syllabus

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology + Biochemistry
  • Dental Anatomy + Dental Histology

Second Year BDS Syllabus

  • Prosthodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology + Pathology
  • Dental material

Third Year BDS Syllabus

  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Oral Pathology
  • Oral Microbiology

Fourth Year BDS Syllabus

  • Oral Medicine and radiology
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Prosthodontics
  • Periodontics
  • Materials used in Dentistry
  • Periodontology
  • Human Oral Anatomy, Physiology, Histology and Tooth Morphology
  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Public health and community dentistry
  • Conservative and endodontics
  • Pedodontics
  • Orthodontics
  • Human Physiology

Dental Degree – BDS Colleges

Following are the few  BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) Colleges in India.

Many More…

What after BDS?

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree holders can pursue their academic education in the below-mentioned degrees:

  • MDS in Community Dentistry
  • MDS in Oral Medicine & Radiology
  • MDS in Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
  • MDS in Pediatric Dentistry
  • MDS in Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
  • MDS in Pedodontics
  • MDS in Preventive Community Dentistry
  • MDS in Prosthodontics
  • Master of Science in Prosthetics and Orthotics
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Conservative Dentistry
  • MDS in Oral Pathology & Microbiology
  • MDS in Oral Pathology
  • MDS in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology
  • MDS in Public Health Dentistry
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Medicine
  • Master of Stomatology (MS)
  • Doctor of Science in Dentistry (DSD)
  • Doctor of Dentistry (DDent)
  • Master of Dentistry (MD)
  • MBA in Public Health
  • MBA in Hospital Management 
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Oral Medicine and Radiology
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Prosthodontic
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health Dentistry
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Orthodontics
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Periodontics

Job Profiles for BDS Graduates

And if not interested in pursuing further education then can join the job. A few Job opportunities after BDS are ad follows:

  • Dentist
  • Dental Surgeon
  • Endodontics
  • Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology
  • Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology
  • Oral Surgery
  • Orthodontics
  • Periodontics
  • Prosthodontics
  • Dental Officer
  • Researcher
  • Dental Public Health

Employment areas for BDS Graduates

Few employment areas for BDS graduates are listed below:

  • Dental Clinics
  • Private Practice
  • Hospitals
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Dental Products Manufactures
  • Army Dental Corps
  • Indian Railways 
  • As a teaching faculty 
  • Research & Advisory departments under Indian Government

Scope of BDS Degree

With the increase in the number of dental patients, there is an increase in demand for a dentist in the country. So, there is a good scope for those pursuing BDS or higher education in Dental or are seeking for pursuing the same. The average salary of a dentist is Rs 3 lakh at the initial stage of the career. 

For BDS pursuer, there is a bit low scope, but adding a pg degree to the ug degree will widen up the scope even at International level. 

Check Popular Courses After 12th Class, Options for Science, Arts, Commerce

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