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Check JAC 12th class Exam Routine 2023

### JAC 12th English Syllabus 2023

To get good marks in the JAC Class 12th English paper, students should have good reading and writing skills. As in the exam, a random paragraph will be given from which a few questions will be asked.

1. The uses of different tense forms for different kinds of narration (e.g. media commentaries, reports, programs, etc.).
2. The use of passive forms in scientific and innovative writings
3. Converting one kind of sentence/clause into a different kind of structure and other items to exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses
4. Modal auxiliaries — uses based on semantic considerations.
5. In the writing section, students have to write an essay, letter, or short story.

### JAC 12th Mathematics Syllabus 2023

Jharkhand 12th Mathematics syllabus can be checked hereby;

Mathematics- Part 1

1. Relations and Functions
2. Determinants
3. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
4. Continuity and Differentiability
5. Application of Derivatives
6. Matrices

Mathematics- Part 2

1. Integrals
2. Application of Integrals
3. Linear Programming
4. Probability
5. Differential Equations
6. Vector Algebra
7. Three Dimensional Geometry

### JAC 12th Physics Syllabus 2023

The Physics Syllabus includes the following topics for the Jharkhand 12th board exam:

 Chapters Important Topics Electrostatics Electric charges, Coulomb’s law, Electric field, Electric flux, Electric potential, Conductors and insulators, Van de Graaff generator, Capacitors, etc Current Electricity Electric current, Internal resistance, Kirchhoff’s laws, Potentiometer, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics, etc Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Oersted’s experiment, Biot – Savart law and its application, Ampere’s law and its applications, moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron, Force on a current-carrying conductor, Torque, etc Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Faraday’s law, Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents, LCR series circuit, resonance, Alternating currents, AC generator and transformer, etc Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum, etc Electronic Devices Semiconductors, I-V characteristics, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, etc Communication Systems The bandwidth of signals, sky and space wave propagation, Propagation of electromagnetic waves Atoms and Nuclei Rutherford’s model, Bohr model, hydrogen spectrum, radioactive decay law, nuclear fission and fusion, etc Physical World and Measurement Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Wave motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Optics Reflection of light, mirror formula. Refraction of light, Optical instruments, Wave optics, Young’s double-slit experiment, Huygens’ principle, etc Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, de Broglie relation, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, Davisson-Germer experiment, etc

### JAC 12th Chemistry Syllabus 2023

Below are the topics and chapters from which questions will be framed for Jharkhand 12th syllabus 2023 for Chemistry.

 Chapters Topics Solid State point defects, calculation of density of unit cell, electrical and magnetic properties of a unit cell, amorphous and crystalline solids Solutions Types of solutions, freezing point, osmotic pressure, etc Electrochemistry Redox reactions; conductance in electrolytic solutions, Chemical Kinetics Rate of a reaction, factors affecting rates of reaction: Surface Chemistry Adsorption, Tyndall effect, Emulsions, Brownian movement, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements Principles and methods of extraction, extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron. p-Block Elements Group 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements: d and f Block Elements Lanthanoids, Actinoids, Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements, Properties of the Transition Elements Coordination Compounds Werner’s Theory, Some Important Terms, Nomenclature, Bonding in Metal Carbonyls Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Nature of C–X Bond, Nomenclature, Preparation of Haloarenes and Haloalkanes, Chemical Reactions Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Alcohols and Phenols, Functional Groups, Nomenclature, Ethers, Commercially Important Alcohols Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group, Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones, Uses of Carboxylic Acids, Chemical Reactions, etc Amines Preparation of Amines, Classification, Nomenclature, Physical Properties, Preparation of Diazonium Salts, Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds Biomolecules Carbohydrates, Proteins, Enzymes, Vitamins, Nucleic Acids, Hormones Polymers Classification of Polymers, Molecular Mass of Polymers, Types of Polymerisation Reactions, etc Chemistry in Everyday Life Drugs and their Classification, Chemicals in Food, Cleansing Agents Structure of Atom Discovery of electron, proton and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Rutherford’s model and its limitations, Thompson’s model and its limitations, Bohr’s model and its limitations, the concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg the uncertainty principle, the concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, the stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

### JAC 12th Biology Syllabus 2023

Jharkhand board 12th class syllabus consists of the following topics:

 Chapters Important Topics Reproduction Pollination and fertilization, Reproductive system in male and female, Development of seeds and fruits, Reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases, etc Genetics and Evolution Mendelian inheritance, Sex determination in human beings, Linkage and crossing over, DNA, Gene Expression, Genome, Evolution, etc Ecology and environment Ecosystems, population and community, Ecological adaptations, National parks and sanctuaries, etc Biology and Human Welfare Animal husbandry, immunology, vaccines, Plant breeding, Pathogens, Microbes, etc Biotechnology and Its Applications Recombinant DNA technology, Genetically modified, Insulin and Bt cotton, etc Diversity in Living World Diversity of living organisms. Classification of the living organisms Systematics and binomial system of nomenclature. Salient features of animal (non-chordates up to phylum level, and chordates up to class level) and plant (major groups; Angiosperms up to subclass) classification. Botanical gardens, herbaria, zoological parks and museums. Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants Tissues in animals and plants. Morphology, anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed. Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of an annelid (earthworm), an insect (cockroach) and an amphibian (frog).

### JAC 12th History Syllabus 2023

Refer to given topics of Jharkhand 12th syllabus 2023 for History

1. The Harappan Civilisation
2. Early States and Economies (600 BCE-600 CE)
3. Early Societies (600 BCE-600 CE)
4. Cultural Developments (600 BCE-600 CE)
5. Perceptions of Society (tenth to seventeenth centuries)
6. Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (eighth to eighteenth centuries)
7. An Imperial Capital- Vijayanagara (fourteen to sixteen centuries)
8. Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
9. The Mughal Courts (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
10. Colonialism and the Countryside
11. 1857 Revolt and its Representations
12. Colonial Cities- Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
13. Mahatama Gandhi and Nationalist Development
14. Understanding the Partition
15. Framing the Constitution

### JAC 12th Geography Syllabus 2023

Students should cover all the topics of the Jharkhand 12th syllabus for the Geography subject.

1. Human Geography: Nature and Scope,
2. World Population Distribution, Density, and Growth & Human Development
3. Economic activities
4. Transport, Communication and International Trade
5. Human Settlements
6. Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
7. Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences
8. Human Development
9. Human Settlements
10. Land Resources and Agriculture
11. Water Resources
12. Mineral and Energy Resources
13. Manufacturing Industries
14. Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian
15. Transport and Communication
17. Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

### JAC 12th Economics Syllabus 2023

Course 1- Introductory Microeconomics

• Introduction,
• Consumer Behaviour and Demand,
• Producer Behaviour and Supply,
• Forms of Market and Price Determination,
• Simple Applications of Tools of Demand and Supply Curves.

Course II: Introductory Macroeconomics

• National Income and Related Aggregates — Basic Concepts and Measurement,
• Determination of Income and Employment,
• Money and Banking

### JAC 12th Sociology Syllabus 2023

The given chapters are listed under the JAC Class 12 syllabus.

Indian Society

• Structure of Indian Society
• Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
• Social Inequality and Exclusion
• The Challenges of Unity in Diversity
• Project Work

Change and Development in India

• Process of Social Change in India
• Social Change and the Polity
• Social Change and the Economy
• New Arenas of Social Change
• Social Movements

### JAC 12th Political Science Syllabus 2023

1. The Cold War Era
2. The End of Bipolarity
3. US Hegemony in World Politics
4. Alternative Centres of Power
5. Contemporary South Asia
6. International Organisations
7. Security in the Contemporary World
8. Environment and Natural Resources
9. Globalisation
10. Challenges of Nation Building
11. Era of One-Party Dominance
12. Politics of Planned Development
13. India’s External Relations
14. The challenge to and Restoration of Congress System
15. Crisis of the Democratic Order
16. Rise of Popular Movements
17. Regional Aspirations
18. Recent Developments in Indian Politics

• Step 1- Visit the official website of Jharkhand Academic Council i.e. https://jac.jharkhand.gov.in/
• Step 2 – On the home page, select the ‘Reduced syllabus for the exam year 2021’ link in the recent announcement section.
• Step 3 – Click the JAC 12th Syllabus 2023
• Step 4 – Download the required syllabus and save it for the reference

## Jharkhand JAC 12th Class Syllabus 2023 Highlights

Jharkhand JAC 12th Class Syllabus key highlights are given below. JHARKHAND ACADEMIC COUNCIL RANCHI (झारखंड शैक्षणिक परिषद रांची EDUCATION BOARD INSTITUTE Jharkhand)

 Name of Exam Jharkhand JAC 12th Board Examination Name of Board Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) Ranchi Official Website https://jac.jharkhand.gov.in/ Short Name JAC 12th Class Syllabus Board Type State Board Syllabus Type Intermediate – Jharkhand State Board Syllabus

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