Floriculture/ Horticulture deals with the art, science, and technology of the growing and cultivation of plants that include medicinal plants, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds and non-foody crops such as grass and ornamental trees. Horticulture is the growing of flowers, fruits and vegetables, and the plants for ornament and fancy. Whereas Floriculture also known as flower farming is a discipline of horticulture that deals with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and floristry compromising the floral industry. The major responsibility of a floriculturist is the cultivation of plants that produce beautiful flowers. Read this complete article to get more information about Floriculture/ Horticulture Course.
Floriculture/ Horticulture Eligibility Criteria
The eligibility criteria of candidates who want to build their career in the field of Floriculture/ Horticulture are listed below.
- Candidate must be passed in 12th class with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/ Maths/ Agriculture as their compulsory subjects with at least 50% aggregate marks.
- For admission in the Master’s program, candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in the relevant field.
- Some universities or institutions conduct their own entrance examination for providing admissions to candidates in Floriculture or Horticulture.
Role of a Floriculturist or Horticulturist
The role of a floriculturist or a horticulturist is listed below.
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- Government Sector: In the government sector, a floriculturist or horticulturist can apply for the jobs in Forest, Agriculture, and fertilizer departments established by the government of India. The teaching profession in the government sector is generally more favorable.
- Private Sector: In the private sector, there are so many agriculture industries, fertilizer products, and nurseries that nourish rare plants. These are the private herbal medical companies among the other such sectors. A floriculturist or horticulturist can also flourish as a landscape and interior designer and terraformers who can reconstruct the place and make it habitable.
- Personal Sector: In the personal sector, a floriculturist or horticulturist can also open their private businesses like flowers and plants shop.
- More Specializations: Those students who want to become a recognized scientist in their career, can opt for a higher level of education after completing this course to pursue the scientific field with exceptional brilliance by starting the Ph.D. course in that field. This career is a very rich prospect for anyone who has just completed their higher education.
Popular Courses in Floriculturist or Horticulturist
Some popular courses that are offered under floriculturists or horticulturists are listed below.
- Diploma in Horticulture
- Diploma in Floriculture
- B.Sc in Horticulture
- B.Sc in Floriculture
- M.Sc in Horticulture
- M.Sc in Floriculture
- Ph.D. in Horticulture
- Ph.D. in Floriculture
- Certificate in Floriculture Technology
- M.Sc in Floriculture Business Management
- Postgraduate Diploma in Horticulture and Landscape Gardening
Colleges offering Floriculturist or Horticulturist
The following are the colleges that are currently offering the course.
|Name of the college||Location|
|Indian Agriculture Research Institute||New Delhi|
|Kerala Agriculture University||Kerala|
|University of Agricultural Science||Bengaluru|
|Tamil Nadu Agricultural University||Coimbatore|
|University of Agricultural Science||Bangalore|
|College of Horticulture||Kerala|
|Aligarh Muslim University||Aligarh|
|Gujarat Agricultural University||Anand|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi|
|Lovely Professional University(LPU)||Jalandhar|
|Allahabad Agricultural Institute||Allahabad|
These are the some best colleges in India that provide the floriculturist and Horticulturist course.
Job Profiles of An Floriculturist or Horticulturist
Job Profiles for a horticulturist are mentioned below.
- Project Manager
- Horticultural Education Supervisor
- Assistant Manager of Human Resources
Job Profiles for a Floriculturist are mentioned below.
- Floral Designers
- Interior Decorator
- Production Managers
- Management Analyst
- Floral Wholesaler
- Sales Representatives
- Landscape Technician
- Wholesale Florist
How to Pursue a Career in Horticulture?
|Paths||Stream||Graduation||After Graduation||After Post Graduation|
|Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)||Pursue B.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 3 years||Pursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 years||Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job|
|Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)||Pursue B. Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) for 3 years||Pursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 years||Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job|
Top recruiters that hire Floriculturist or Horticulturist
Some best companies that hire Floriculturists are mentioned below.
- Indian Council for Agriculture Research(ICAR)
- National Botanical Research Institute
- Defense Institute of Bio-energy Research
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute
- Birla Floriculture, Pune
- Turbo Industries Ltd, Punjab
- Nagarjuna Agritech Ltd, Bangalore
- Century Flowers, Pune
- Eden Park Agro Products Ltd, Pune
- Indus Floritech Ltd, Hyderabad
Some best companies that hire Horticulturists are mentioned below.
- Interior Plantscapes
- SHORB Landscaping
- Sun Valley Landscaping
- ER&M Ecological Restoration and Management
- Casa Verde Growers
- Greater Texas Landscape Services
- Iffco Kisan Sanchar Ltd
- Green Decor
Salary of a Floriculturist or Horticulturist
The average salary of a horticulturist is around Rs1.8 lakhs to 2.5 lakhs of a fresher. After a candidate gains experience, their salary also hikes up. Their salary basically depends on the area of specialization, level of education and location, etc. A District Horticulture Officers receives an annual salary of Rs 3 lakhs per annum.
Salary in the field of floriculturists totally depends upon the candidate’s job profile. The starting salary of a Floriculturist is Rs 1.5 lakh per annum whereas the salary of an Interior decorator is Rs 2 lakh per annum. The salary of a researcher and academicians are paid as per the government norms.
Pros and Cons of the Course
Some pros of the course are mentioned below.
- This course provides an exciting career opportunity for candidates, where they can learn to use his or her skills to the full extent.
- People working in this field enjoy more flexibility in work and get a lot of exposure in the prevailing market conditions.
Some Cons which the floriculturists or horticulturists can face are listed below.
- One of the major cons for floriculturists in India is a highly competitive job market. Today, people without educational qualifications are building up their own businesses in the field of floriculture or horticulture and are providing their services to marriages or in other events.